Retail Spending Declines Amid Economic Uncertainty
Consumers’ lethargic outlook continues to take a toll on retail spending, according to the “Consumer Reports Index,” an overall measure of Americans’ personal financial health. The Index's past 30-day retail measure declined for the third straight month since January.
The Consumer Reports Index's (CRI) sentiment measure was unchanged from last month at 50.1. Looking at the longer trend, however, consumers' attitudes concerning the economy are neither advancing nor retreating and sentiment has been frozen in a narrow band between 51.2 and 48.9 since November 2012.
One positive sign from the CRI’s next 30-day retail measure – which reflects planned April activity - was an uptick in planned spending for major appliances, small appliances, and major yard and garden equipment as consumers prepare for summer.
Among the larger retail categories the CRI tracks, consumer interest in future home buying increased slightly. Planned spending in the next 30 days was at 2.4 percent from 1.4 percent the previous month.
The CRI’s trouble tracker measure of the overall financial difficulties consumers are facing, which had declined for three straight months, rose this month. The sharpest increase in financial troubles was among adults in households earning $100,000 or more. However, the most hard-pressed consumers continue to be those in homes earning less than $50,000.
The CRI’s employment measure improved slightly this month, rising to 50.8 from 49.9 a month earlier. The employment measure indicates that the proportion of Americans starting a new job outpaced those losing a job by a narrow margin. The highest gains were among those in homes earning less than $50,000 and adults with a high school degree or less. Middle-income Americans lost ground, with the employment measure declining into negative territory (below 50).
"At best, consumers feel the economy is treading water,” said Ed Farrell, director of consumer insight at the Consumer Reports National Research Center. “They are still holding back on spending, largely due to the uncertainty they feel.”
The level of stress that consumers feel was unchanged from last month. The CRI’s stress measure is at 56.5. The most stressed Americans are those in households earning under $50,000 (59.5), aged 35-64 (57.5), and those in the North East (61.2).
The Consumer Reports Index, conducted by the Consumer Reports National Research Center, is a monthly poll of a nationally representative probability sample of American adults.